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In the Balkans, it is rare to find fresh milk.  Only the largest stores in the largest towns will stock it.  Most milk in the Balkans comes in a Tetrapak.  It is UHT (ultra high temperature) so it lasts for years and is stocked on a shelf, not in a refrigerator.  This type of milk is foreign to most North Americans, who will find the taste off-putting.  In the Balkans, this type of milk is used for coffee but isn’t drunk as a beverage.

View of Dubrovnik,Croatia from above

View of Dubrovnik, Croatia from above

Conversely, even the smallest shop in the smallest town, will have an array of plain drinking yogurts.  Larger stores have whole fridges devoted to various plain drinking yogurts and I will personally guarantee that no matter which one you choose, it will be the best yogurt you have ever had.  If you think of yogurt as an easy but bland snack, a Balkan yogurt will have you straightening your spine and asking, “Holy Cow, how did this yogurt get so delicious?”

We enjoy the Ukela (special Skadar lake fish) Festival in Montenegro, 2006

We enjoy the Ukleva (special Skadar Lake fish) Festival in Montenegro

People in the Balkans drink yogurt all the time.  Yogurt originated in the Balkan country of Bulgaria but it is crazy popular throughout the region.  There have been strong links between Balkan yogurt and longevity and Bulgaria has been at the top of countries with living centenarians for generations.  Despite poverty and harsh living conditions, people live to be very old in Bulgaria and scientific studies have singled out yogurt as the reason.

There are many wild boar in the Balkan region.

There are many wild boar in the Balkan region (but now one less).

The advantages of making your own yogurt are:

  • no waste created because you are reusing containers
  • no plastic coming in contact with your food
  • saving money (1 litre of milk makes 1 litre of yogurt but 1 litre of milk is a lot cheaper than 1 litre of yogurt)
  • ability to control ingredients including sweeteners
  • living to 100
Yogurt is the mandatory accompaniment to Burek (deliciously greasy Balkan savoury pastry).

Yogurt is the mandatory accompaniment to Burek (deliciously greasy Balkan savoury pastry), Niš, Serbia.

Here is my recipe for Balkan yogurt.  It is so simple to make and foolproof as long as you follow the instructions exactly.  If you don’t have a large family, make a lot of smoothies, give the gift of fresh homemade yogurt to a friend or get more gorgeous with a yogurt face mask!

Place 2 litres of milk in a slow cooker.  Here, I am using raw goat milk from a friend’s farm.

Fresh, raw goat milk

Fresh, raw goat milk

Cook on low for 2 1/2 hours.  Unplug (the slow cooker not yourself although feel free to unplug yourself and enjoy a cup of tea).  The reason it is important to unplug the slow cooker is that it will turn itself onto “warm” if the unit isn’t turned off and that will keep the milk too hot.  By actually unplugging the machine, you are guaranteeing that won’t happen.  Trust me on this one.

One minute into the yogurt making...

One minute into the yogurt making…

Let milk sit for 3 hours.  After 3 hours, it will be at the perfect temperature.  Remove a ladleful of hot milk to a bowl and whisk in 1/2 cup of yogurt.  My favourite type of yogurt to use is Astro Balkan Style Plain Yogurt (6% fat, made only with milk ingredients and bacterial culture).  Although you can use your own homemade yogurt to make more yogurt, I have found that the yogurt works best if I always add in the Astro as the starter.  So I buy a container of Astro, which keeps exceptionally well, and then use it to make batches of my yogurt over the course of a month or two.  If you can’t find Astro, use any high quality, full fat yogurt without any additives.

This yogurt makes the best yogurt.  Real Balkan style yogurt!

This yogurt makes the best yogurt. Real Balkan style yogurt!

Add yogurt mixture to crock pot and give a stir.  And now for the fun.  Get your “yogurt sweater” hand knit by your daughter’s friend’s Nana.  Wrap your slow cooker up and leave overnight (anywhere from 8-15 hours).  The lesser amount of time will only work in very warm temperatures.  I generally leave mine to set for about 12 hours.

Little did Nana know when she knit this sweater, how gosh darn useful it was going to be!

Little did Nana know when she knit this sweater, how gosh darn useful it was going to be!

The resulting yogurt will be firm on top and more runny underneath.  As you scoop the yogurt out to store it in a container, all the yogurt will become creamy and runny.  This recipe really does make the most delicious drinking yogurt.  In our house, we also eat this runny yogurt and use it in cooking.

A bundle of joy

A bundle of joy

If you would like a firmer, eating yogurt, it’s no problem.  BTW, “no problem” is a very typical Balkan saying.  When you add the yogurt to the milk and stir the mixture into the milk in the slow cooker, you will also do something else.  Make sure the mixture is well stirred.  Ladle out portions of the mixture into individual containers.  Leave overnight in a warm area.  If the containers are not kept nice and warm, the yogurt will not work.  I leave the containers in my gas oven.  Although the oven is off, the pilot light keeps the oven very warm and this sets the yogurt perfectly.  The warmer temperature needed for individual jars makes for a more sour-tasting yogurt that may be a harder sell.

Firm, eating yogurt fresh out of the oven

Firm, eating yogurt fresh out of the oven

If you want to add things to your yogurt (vanilla, jam, honey etc), I recommend doing it at the time of eating.  This ensures that the yogurt sets properly and also keeps the batch of yogurt more versatile in that you can use it in savoury preparations as well as sweet.  If you are used to sweetened yogurt, you will see how easy it is to gradually cut back on the sweetener until you aren’t using any.  My children enjoy the taste of plain yogurt as well as sweetened.

The closest we got to Bulgaria was Niš, Serbia, 100 kilometres away.  Jews say, “Next year in Jerusalem!”.  SWMBO says, “Next year in Bulgaria!” :-)

The closest we got to Bulgaria was Niš, Serbia, 100 kilometres away. Jews may say, “Next year in Jerusalem!” but SWMBO says, “Next year in Bulgaria!” :-)

My favourite “sweet” yogurt for myself is the following: one apple cut into bite-sized pieces, 1/2 cup of plain yogurt on top, lots of cinnamon sprinkled on top.  You will be surprised by how sweet, crunchy, cooling, yummy this is.  Enjoy!